Susanti Susanti


This study aims to produce a mathematical problem with the PISA model for students using a bowling context that is valid, practical and has potential effects. The research method that will be used is design research with the type of development studies . Data analysis is a qualitative descriptive analysis. The results of this development research are to produce mathematical questions based on higher order thinking skills (HOTS) for VII grade students of junior high school. This research consists of two stages, namely preliminary or preparation and prototiping stage (formative evaluation) which includes self evaluation, expert reviews and one-to-one , small group and field tests . Potential effects of questions can be known from the results of questionnaires and interviews after the field test . The results of the questionnaire and interviews were analyzed whether students considered the question to have a potential effect to improve students' mathematical abilities. In addition, it is also able to attract interest and motivate students so that they are challenged to solve the problems. These questions also provide a stimulus for students to think critically using their own reasoning in their resolution.

Full Text:



Anderson, L., & Karthwohl, D.A., (2001). Taxonomy for Learning Teaching and Assesing: A Revision of Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. New York: Longman.

Brookhart, S. (2010).How to Assess Higher-Order Thinking Skills in Your Classroom.Alexandria, VA: ASCD.

Iswadi, Hazrul. (2016). Sekelumit Dari Hasil

Kamaliyah. (2012). Developing the Sixth Level of PISA-Like Mathematics Problem for SecondarySchool Student. Journal on Mathematics Education (IndoMS-JME), 3(2), 169-188.

Heong, Y. M.,Othman, W.D.,Md Yunos, J., Kiong, T.T., Hassan, R., & Mohamad, M.M.

(2011). The Level of Marzano. Higher Order Thinking Skills Among Technical Education Students . International Journal of Social and humanity, Vol. 1,No. 2, July 2011, 121-125.

Krathwohl, D.R. (2002). A Revision of Bloom’s Taxonomy: an overview – Theory Into Practice, College of Education, The Ohio State University Learning Domains or Bloom’s Taxonomy: The Three Types of Learning, tersedia di

Lewy,L. (2009). Pengembangan Soal Untuk Mengukur Kemampuan berpikir tingkat tinggi Pokok Bahasan Barisan dan Deret Bilangan Di Kelas IX Akselerasi SMP.

Novita, R., Zulkardi, Hartono, Y. (2012). Exploring Primary Student’s Problem-Solving Abillity. Journal on Mathematics Education (IndoMS-JME), 3(2), 133-150.

PISA 2015 Yang Baru Dirilis. (Online) Diakses tanggal 23 Februari 2017.

Xaverius Maria Palembang.Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, Vol.3(2), Desember 2009, pp 14-28.

Thompson, Tony. (2008). Mathematics Teachers’ Interpretation of Higher Order Thinking In Bloom Taxonomy, International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education Vol. 3, No.2, July 2008 tersedia di

Wardhani dan Rumiati. (2011). Instrumen Penilaian Hasil Belajar Matematika SMP: Belajar dari PISA dan TIMSS. Yogyakarta: P4TK Matematika.

Zulkardi & Ilma, R. (2006). Mendesain Sendiri Soal Kontekstual Matematika.Prosiding Konferensi Nasional Matematika XIII. Semarang: Indo MS.


  • There are currently no refbacks.