PENINGKATAN KECERDASAN INTERPERSONAL MELALUI BERMAIN MUSIK (Penelitian Tindakan Anak Usia 4-5 Tahun di TK Pertiwi Tanjung Raja Tahun 2017)

Santa Idayana Sinaga

Abstract


Abstract: The purpose of this research was to describe the implementation process play music and to understand improving  interpersonal intelegence of children 4-5 years old  through play music. The study was conducted on group A Kindergarten with of seventen children.  This study used action research methods by Kemmis and Taggart which consist of 4 stages (plan, action, observation and reflection). This study consisted of two cycles, each cycles consisting of 8 sessions. Data collecting techniques used observation, field notes and documentation. Data analysis using quantitative and qualitative data. Quantitative data analysis with descriptive statistics that compare the result obtained from the first cycle and the second cycle. Analysis of qualitative data by analizing data from the observation, fields notes and documentation during the study to the steps of data reduction, data display and data verification. The result of this study showed that there was the improving interpersonal intelegence through play music with score in pre cycle 33,8 had improvement to 50, 4 and become 60,7 in cycle II and excellent growing category.

Keywords : Interpersonal Intelegence, Play Music, Action Research

 

Abstrak : Tujuan hasil penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan proses penerapan bermain musik dan untuk mengetahui peningkatan kecerdasan interpersonal anak usia 4-5 tahun melalui bermain musik. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada anak kelompok A yang berjumlah 17 orang. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian tindakan dengan metode Kemmis dan Taggart yang terdiri dari 4 tahap yaitu (rencana, tindakan, observasi dan refleksi). Penelitian ini terdiri dari 2 siklus masing-masing siklus sebanyak 8 pertemuan. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan observasi, catatan lapangan, dan dokumentasi. Analisis data menggunakan kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Analisis data kuantitatif dilakukan dengan deskripsi statistik untuk membandingkan pra siklus sampai siklus II. Tahap-tahap analisis kualitatif adalah reduksi data, display data dan verifikasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat peningkatan kecerdasan interpersonal melalui bermain musik dengan skor pada pra siklus 33,8 meningkat menjadi 50,4 pada siklus I, dan mengalami peningkatan sebesar 60, 7 pada siklus II dengan kategori berkembang sangat baik.

Kata Kunci : Kecerdasan Interpersonal, Bermain Musik, Penelitian Tindakan

 

 


Full Text:

PDF

References


Elizabet B. Hurlock. 1978. Perkembangan Anak. Jakarta. PT. Gelora Aksara Pratama.

Eva Brand dan Ora Bargil. 2010. Improving Interpersonal Communication through Music

Fang-Mei Tai. 2014. Exploring Multiple Intelligences . The Journal of Human Resource and Adult Learning, Vol. 10, N 12 um. 1, June 2014 issue.

S. Filivopic dan G. Grujic- Garic.2011. The Influence of Music on the Children”s Art Expression. Journal plus education, ISSN:1842-077X, E-ISSN(online) 2068-1151 Vol VII (2011), N0 2, pp 223-240

George Morisson. 2012. Dasar-Dasar Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini. Jakarta: Indeks.

Hilda L. Jackman. Early Education Curriculum A child’s Connection to The World. USA: Wadsworth.2012.

Howard Gardner and Thomas Hatch.1989. Multiple Intelligences Go to School: Educational Implications of the Theory of Multiple Intelligences. Journal of Educational Researcher, Vol. 18, No. 8 (Nov., 1989), pp. 4-10 Published by: American Educational Research Association.

Jane Arnold Morgan & Mª Carmen Fonseca. 2004. Multiple Intelligence Theory and Foreign Language Learning: A Brain-based Perspective. IJES, vol. 4 (1), 2004, pp. 119-136

Jo Ann Brewer. Early Childhood Education Preschool Through Primary Grades. 2007. USA: America.

Joan Bouza Koster. Growing Artists Teaching The Arts to Young Children. USA: Wadswort.

Jonathan Bolduc: 2009. Effects Of a Music Programme On Kindergartners Phonological Awareness Skills. International Journal Of Music Education Vol 27(1).3747(200902)27.1.10.1177/0255761408099063

Katrin Hille, et all : 2011. Association Between Music Education, Intelligence, And Spelling Ability In Elementary School. Research Article Advances In Cognive Psyschology Volume 7: 1-6 DOI:10.2478/v10053-008-0082-4

Kelly R.Paquette dan Sue A. Rieg. The Influence of Music on the Children”s Art Expression. Early Childhood Educ J (2008) 36:227-232. DOI 10.1007/s10643-008-0277-9

Rebecca T. Isbell & Shirley C. Raines. Creativity And The Arts With Young Children. Canada: Delmar.2007

S. Filivopic dan G. Grujic- Garic.2011. The Influence of Music on the Children”s Art Expression. Journal plus education, ISSN:1842-077X, E-ISSN(online) 2068-1151 Vol VII (2011), N0 2, pp 223-240

Susan Hallam:2010. The Power Of Music : Its Impact On The Intellectual, Social And Personal Development Of Children And Young People. International Journal Of Music Education 28:269. DOI:10.1177/0255761410370658

Thomas Amstrong. Multiple Intelligences In The Clasroom. USA:AS




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31851/pernik.v1i01.2626

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.