• Kartika Sari Universitas Jenderal Soedirman
  • Sunardi Sunardi Universitas Jenderal Soedirman
  • Agung Bambang Setio Utomo Universitas Gadjah Mada
  • Parmin Lumban Toruan Program Studi Fisika Universitas PGRI Palembang
  • Evi Yulianti PSTBM Badan Tenaga Atom Nasional Indonesia
  • Mashadi Mashadi PSTBM Badan Tenaga Atom Nasional Indonesia



optical properties, electric permitivity, chitosan/PEO, membrane, polymer


Synthesis and characterization of the chitosan/PEO solid polymer membranes were carried out to determine the morphological structure, crystal structure and functional groups. Synthesis of the chitosan/PEO solid polymer membrane was carried out by solution casting method. Characterization was performed using the FTIR (Fourier Transform Infra Red), XRD (X-ray Diffraction), SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy) and EIS (Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy). The FTIR results showed that the chitosan/PEO solid polymer membrane interacted with the –OH and C-H functional groups at wave numbers 1500 - 945 cm-1 and formed a bending bond between functional groups  of the C-C and –NH3. The SEM results showed that the homogeneous agglomeration was formed on the membrane surface due to the addition of PEO powder. This causes the formation of bonds between atoms to unstable. The XRD results obtained that the chitosan/PEO solid polymer membrane pattern tended to have a semicrystalline structure. The graph of the EIS results shows the electric permittivity does not form a semicircular arc. There was no grain response on the chitosan / PEO solid polymer membrane. The results of SEM, XRD, FTIR and EIS characterization show that chitosan /PEO solid polymer membranes can be used as an alternative to solid polymer electrolytes.

Author Biographies

Kartika Sari, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Jurusan Fisika FMIPA Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Sunardi Sunardi, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Jurusan Fisika FMIPA Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Agung Bambang Setio Utomo, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Departemen Fisika FMIPA Universitas Gadjah Mada


Arof AK. (1999). Chitosan-lithium triflate electrolyte in secondary lithium cells. Journal of Power Source, 7, 42-48.

Datta, A. (2007). Characterization of Polyethylene Glycol Hydrogels for Biomedical Applications. Chemical Engineering Commons, 11-13.

D. C., Ronald. (2001). Inorganic and Organometallic Polymers. A John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Publication, University of Massachusetta. Amherat, New York.

D. Callister, William, G. Rethwisch, David. (1940). Material Science and Engineering An Introduction- 8 Edition, A John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Publication. New York,

Dey, A., Karan, S., dan De, SK. (2011). Structure, morphology, adn ionic conductivity of solid polymer electrolyte. Materials Research Bulletin, 46(11), 2009 – 2015.

D.I, Bower. (2002). An Introduction to Polymer Physics, Cambridge University Press. United Kingdom.

Diana, EP. (2018). Sintesis Membran Elektrolit Padat Berbahan Dasar Kitosan. Journal Sainsmat, 2(2), 86 – 91.

Fonseca, Polo C. (2006). Electrochemical properties of a biodegradable polymer electrolyte applied to a rechargeable lithium battery. Journal of Power Sources, 159, 712-716.

G. Abdullah, R. R. Hanna dan Y. A. K. Salman. (2017). Structural, optical, and electrical characterization of chitosan: methylcellulose polymer blends based film. J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron, 28, 10283–10294.

Kumar, Majeti. (2000). A Review of Chitin and Chitosan Application. Journal Of reactive and functional polymer, 46, 3.

Martínez-Camacho A.P., A.Z. Graciano-Verdugo dkk. (2010). Chitosan composite films: Thermal, structural, mechanical and antifungal properties. Journal of Carbohydrate Polymers, 82, 305-31.

Neto, C.G.T., Giacometti, J.A., dkk. (2005). Thermal Analysis of Chitosan based Networks, Carbohydrate Polymers, 62(2), 97 – 103.

Ramesh, S., Yuen, T.F., dan Shen, C.J., Conductivity and FTIR Studies on PEO – LiX [X : CF3SO3-, SO42-]. (2008). Polymer electrolytes, 69, 670 – 675.

Shukur, MF., Kadir, MFZ., dan Ahmad, R.. (2011). Dielectric Studies of Proton Conducting Polymer Electrolyte based on Chitosan/PEO blend doped with NH4NO3. Advanded Materials Research, 488, 583 – 587.

Shukur, MF., Ithnn, R., Illias, HA., dan Kadir, MFZ. (2013). Proton Conducting Polymer Electrolyte Based on Pasticitized Chitosan-PEO blend and application in Electrochemical devices. Optical Materials, 35, 1834 – 1841.

S. Kartika, BSU.Agung, A. Kamsul, Roto, K. Evvy, Y. Evi, dan E. Suharyadi. (2020). Effect of Milling Time on the Microstructure and Dielectric Properties of Chitosan Nanopowder, International Journal of Nanoelectronic and Materials,13, 1-8.

Sreekanth, T. (2014). Investigation of Characterization of (PEO + NaClO3 + Plasticizer) Based on Polymer Electrolyte. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), 3(8), 2012 – 2014.

Wan, Y., Katherine, Creber, AM, dan Tam Bui. (2003). Ionic conductivity of chitosan membranes. Polymer, 44, 1057 – 1065.

Zhao, Xiaohui. (2010). Effect of Preparation Parameters of Sulfur Cathodes on Electrochemical Properties of Lithium Sulfur Battery. Journal of the Korean Electrochemical Society. 13, 169-174. DOI:10.5229/JKES.2010.13.3.169