Effect of Synthesis Temperature on the Growth of Carbon-based Materials from Waste Engine Oil Precursor


  • Suhufa Alfarisa Department of Physics, Universitas PGRI Palembang, Indonesia http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1142-4824
  • Suriani Abu Bakar Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Mathematics Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Perak 35900 Malaysia




waste engine oil, carbon-based material, thermal chemical vapor deposition


Different stuctures of carbon material were succesfully synthesized from waste engine oil (WEO) as carbon source using double-stage thermal chemical vapor deposition method. In this work, 5.33 wt% ferrocene was used as catalyst, precursor temperature at 450°C and the synthesis temperatures were varied from 600-1000°C with 100°C increament. The prepared samples were characterized using field emission scanning electron microscopy and micro-Raman spectroscopy. Below 700°C, amorphous structure of carbon was formed. Well growth carbon spheres were produced at 800°C while at 900°C, bigger diameter and lower crystallinity of carbon spheres were resulted. At very high temperature, 1000°C, a highly defective structure of carbon was produced. These results show that the structure of carbon materials from WEO precursor was highly affected by synthesis temperature changes


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