• Candra Dewi Cahyaningrum Pasca Sarjana Universitas PGRI Palembang
  • Masagus Firdaus Pasca Sarjana Universitas PGRI Palembang
  • Mulyadi Pasca Sarjana Universitas PGRI Palembang



The purpose of this study was to improve the writing abilities of eleventh grade students at SMKN 1 Penukal by using Problem-Based Learning in the academic year 2023–2024. 34 students participated in the study, which used a Collaborative Classroom Action Research (CAR) design. The writer and the English instructor worked together as partners on the project. The research employed the Kemmis and McTaggart paradigm, which included three cycles of three meetings each for the purposes of planning, acting, observing, and reflecting. Tests and observation were used in the gathering of data. The findings demonstrated that students' writing skills had improved; their mean scores increased from 63.82 in the first research to 89.71 in the third cycle, above the Minimum Mastery Criterion (KKM) of 75. The English teacher's affirmative reaction demonstrated the effectiveness of the activity that was put into place. Finally, it can be said that problem-based learning improved the writing skills of students.


Aghayan, B., & Hajmohammadi, E. (2019). Problem-Based Learning: Promoting EFL Learners’ Writing Skills. LLT Journal: A Journal on Language and Language Teaching, 22(1), 78–85.

Anderson, J. C. (2007). Effect of Problem-Based Learning on Knowledge Acquisition, Knowledge Retention , and Critical Thinkng Ability of Agriculture Students In Urban Schools. Colombia: The Faculty of the Graduate School University of Missouri. 100(May), 2007.

Arihasta, D., & Basthomi, Y. (2019). Problem-Based Learning, Process Writing, and Instagram: an Attempt to Enhance the Students’ Writing Skill. Jurnal Pendidikan Humaniora, 7(3), 76–84.

Fraenkel, J. R., Wallen, N. E., & Helen H. Hyun. (2012). How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education (8th ed.). Person.

Hasan. (2009). Action Research : Desain Penelitian Integratif untuk Mengatasi Permasalahan Masyarakat. AKSES: Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Bisnis, 4(8), 12.

Hidjrah, N., Machmoed, H. A., Jubhari, R. R., & Studies, E. L. (2018). The Use of Problem Based Learning ( PBL ) Method. Jurnal Umma, 1(1), 1–9.

Hikmawati, F. (2020). Metodologi Penelitian (1st ed.). Rajawali Pers.

Indah, R., & Utari, S. (2021). The Effect of Problem Based Learning (PBL) in Writing Skill. EDULIA: English Education, Linguistic and Art Journal, 1(2016), 55–60.

Iskandar, N., Jannah, M., & Wicaksono, S. R. (2021). The Problem Based Learning in Enhancing Students ’ Critical Thinking for Reading Skills in English Teaching at Vocational School. IJORER : International Journal of Recent Educational Research, 2(2), 237–249.

Jaya, A. (2022). The Effect Of Map Libs Technique On Students’english Learning Achievement In Learning Personal Pronoun. Esteem: Journal Of English Study Programme.Vol 6 (2).Doi:Https://Doi.Org/10.31851/Esteem.V6i2.12316

Mairani, R. (2022). Improving Students’ Writing Skill Using Problem-Based Learning. Dialectical Literature and Education Journal (DLEJ), 7(2), 71–81.

Mulyadi, M., Nurani, S., & Frijuniarsi, N. (2020). The Assessment of Students’ English Writing Skill at SMA Yaspen Tugu Ibu Depok. Scope : Journal of English Language Teaching, 5(1), 42.

Nasution, T. (2022). Model Problem-Based Learning untuk Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar di Perguruan Tinggi Prestasi Akademik Siswa pada Pendidikan Dasar , Menengah , dan Atas ( Chen & Prestasi Akademik Mahasiswa daripada Pengajaran Langsung . Berdasarkan Hasil Melibatkan. Edukasi: Jurnal Pendidikan, 20(c), 152–165.

Oktavira, M. (2024). The Influence of The Field Trip Method on Descriptive Text Writing Skills in Class IV Students at SD Negeri 11 Warkuk South Ranau. ESTEEM, Journal of English Study Programme, 7(1), 207–218.

Putu, N., Ardianti, E., Nitiasih, P. K., Gd, L., Budiarta, R., & Putu, N. L. (2021). Enhancing Students ’ Writing Skill Learning Video In Pandemic Situation With Problem -Based. Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Profesi Guru, 4, 165–172.

Sidauruk, A., Silalahi, D. E., & Herman. (2020). The Effect of Problem Based Learning (PBL) on Writing Recount Text at Grade Ten of SMK Negeri 2 Pematangsiantar. JETAFL (Journal of English Teaching as a Foreign Language), 6(1), 29–43.

Sugiyono. (2015). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D (22nd ed.). Alphabeta.

Sunata. (2019). Classroom Action Research-Based Lesson Study in Determining The Formula of Circle Area. International Journal of Science and Applied Science: Conference Series, 3(1), 118.

Surya, S. (2018). Teaching academic writing by using problem based learning strategy. TEFLIN International Conference, 65(1), 347–355. %284%29.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=n

Susanti, A., Rofidah, N., Trisusana, A., & Retnaningdyah, P. (2020). Improving Students’ Writing Skill Through Problem Based Learning For EFLStudents. International Journal of English Linguistics, Literature, and Education (IJELLE), 2(2), 102.

Wati, R., Tahrun, T., & Mulyadi, M. (2023). Teaching Students’ Writing Ability By Using Clustering Technique To the Eighth Grade Students of State Junior High School 2 of Makarti Jaya. Esteem Journal of English Education Study Programme, 6(2), 356–362.